h4. Les facteurs principaux de l’innovation israélienne. Une clé de la réussite du high tech israélien est bien l'armée qui consacre des budgets énormes au développement de la base technologique du pays. Elle contribue à l'innovation israélienne de plusieurs façons: par l'esprit d'équipe hérité du travail en pool exercé à l'armée et plus important par le transfert de technologie militaire ve...

Daniel Rouach | High-Tech

h3. Israel industrial development h4. Israel has developped swiftly since its creation In its early years of statehood, Israeli industry focused on basics – agriculture & defense, both needed to secure the existence and self-sufficiency of a developing country. These priorities were reflected in Israel’s trade balance – exporting food, agricultural products, and textiles, while importing soph...

Azriel Hemar | High-Tech

One of Israel's biggest advantages has been its high level of education: 60% of the active population is educated up to high school level, a phenomenon that has been boosted by the arrival of an impressive number of researchers from the former Soviet Union. While Israel does not possess any natural resources (no petrol, no gas, and insufficient water resources), this country is distinguished by...

Prof. Daniel ROUACH | Éducation

Michel Revel. Israel universities are working in close collaboration with industry and facilitating the development of focused research centers. The impact of the academic world on Israeli life is very strong. The Israeli public recognizes the role of the university and of the academic world in the survival of the state of Israel. From the foundation of Israel there was early recognition of t...

Prof. Daniel ROUACH | Éducation

Israel's technological success can be mainly attributed to the presence of some 50,000 high-quality engineers and scientists. Close to 10% are involved in industrial research and development. Every year, thousands of graduates from seven Israeli universities are joining them and also building relationships with graduates of Harvard and MIT. The direct consequence of this success is that more th...

Daniel Rouach | Éducation

A unique Israeli phenomenon is the office of the chief scientist at the Ministry of Industry and Trade, which distributes grants totaling nearly $400 million to various R&D projects. The projects that succeed are expected to pay royalties to the chief scientist's office for a number of years. Through the Scientific Office in the Industry and Trade Ministry, the Israeli government fosters high-...

Prof. Daniel ROUACH | High-Tech

In the belief that the country's economic future is largely dependent on the success of its technological industry, the government launched a technological incubator program in 1991. This program enables any entrepreneur with an innovative technological idea to turn the idea into a product. The incubator program is applied in all parts of the country, under the guidance and with the support of ...

Prof. Daniel ROUACH | High-Tech

One might consider Tsahal an R&D catalyst. The military service being compulsory (three years for men and two years for women), it provides the most talented with an unparalleled technical and practical experience. Organized in small and swift units, the Israeli army influences Israeli managers by conferring upon them a commando-like mentality, which is strongly reflected in the country's indus...

David Rosenfeld | High-Tech

In the mid-1980s, confronted by a post Cold War's fading demand for weapons and triple-digit inflation, the Israeli army began downsizing and restructuring its forces by adopting a technology-intensive strategy. This transformation, alleviated by an exceptional relief of regional hostilities in the 1990s, aimed at a faster reaction to terror and isolated skirmishes. Israel's defense benefited ...

Prof. Daniel Rouach & David Rosenfeld | High-Tech

The three founders were quick to recognize the potential of the Internet and network Systems to provide companies with exposure to the outside environment, but also saw that this exposure left companies vulnerable to internal and external threats. They saw that companies would need security Systems more and more. Starting the company was not easy. At the end of 1993, Nacht went to the U.S. to ...

David Rosenfeld | High-Tech